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Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Command to show bgp received or advertised routes - Ericsson (Redback) Networks SmartEdge OS


Summary: 

Command to show received or advertised routes on the Ericsson Smart Edge router.

Version:

#show version 

Redback Networks SmartEdge OS Version SEOS-11.1.2.9-Release
Built by sysbuild@eussjlx7010.sj.us.am.ericsson.se Tue Sep 24 10:07:19 PDT 2013
Copyright (C) 1998-2013, Redback Networks Inc. All rights reserved.
System Bootstrap version is Mips,rev2.0.2.67-esa
Installed minikernel version is 11.7
Router Up Time -   564 days, 19 hours 39 minutes 17 secs

Problem or Goal:

Try to show the routes advertised to or received from a bgp neighbor 

Cause:

Solution:

#show bgp route neighbor A.B.C.D advertised
#show bgp route neighbor A.B.C.D received

Where A.B.C.D is the neighbor IP address, for example;

#show bgp route neighbor 172.28.113.42 advertised
#show bgp route neighbor 172.28.113.42 received

Problem Solved?

Yes

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Serial Console Settings for the Ericsson AXE/APG40 Based Servers

Below is an example of an Ericsson AXE/APG40 based server:

AXE/APG based server showing where to connect the console
APG stands for Adjunct Processor Group
AXE is not an acronym but an Ericsson product code.

Below are the serial settings when connecting to the Ericsson server that is based on their AXE/APG40 architecture. 

Serial settings, Note the Baud Rate



Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Error while using rpm to install a package on CentOS 6 - file x from install of xx conflicts with file from package xxx

Summary: 

File x from install of xx conflicts with file from package xxx
.
This happened when i was trying to install OpenSSL on CentOS release 6.3

Problem or Goal: 


The problem here is Conflicting Files. If you attempt to install a package that contains a file which has already been installed by another package, the following is displayed:



Cause: 

This means OpenSSL was already installed on this server

[root@localhost tmp]# openssl version
OpenSSL 1.0.0-fips 29 Mar 2010
[root@localhost tmp]# 

Solution: 

To make RPM ignore this error, use the 
--replacefiles option:
This will actually upgrade or downgrade your installation depending on the version of the installation package you are using!

[root@localhost tmp]# rpm -ivh --replacefiles openssl10-libs-1.0.1e-1.ius.centos6.x86_64.rpm 
warning: openssl10-libs-1.0.1e-1.ius.centos6.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 9cd4953f: NOKEY
Preparing...                ############################# [100%]

   1:openssl10-libs         ############################# [100%]

Problem Solved?

Yes.

[root@localhost tmp]# openssl version
OpenSSL 1.0.1e 11 Feb 2013

[root@localhost tmp]#

Monday, August 14, 2017

Accton Edge Core Switch - CPU Utilization reaching 100% Causing Latency, Packet Loss and Jitter


Summary:

High CPU utilization on Accton Edge Core switch

Problem or Goal:

SW01-0#show process cpu 
             Process Name 5Sec(%%) 1Min(%%) 5Min(%%) 15Min(%%) Runtime(ms)
                tRootTask   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                 tExcTask   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00          4450
                 tLogTask   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                   bcmDPC   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                bcmCNTR.0   1.20    0.97    0.88    0.86     403860440
                    bcmTX   0.20    0.08    0.01    0.03      38288910
           bcmXGS3AsyncTX   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                bcmCNTR.1   0.20    0.77    0.64    0.65     384888780
                bcmLINK.0   0.20    0.25    0.30    0.44     207997140
                bcmLINK.1   0.60    0.20    0.27    0.40     205123250
                    bcmRX   3.20    2.77    2.41    2.33     932885260
                   ipnetd   9.20    4.05    1.37    0.63     150098590
                SYS_TIMER   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00            30
                 TASK_MON   0.00    0.00    0.01    0.02      13190510
                     TPLG   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       2905040
               STACK_CTRL   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
         SWDRV_CACHE_TASK   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00           570
                    SWDRV  11.60   12.60   12.57   12.51    2450845024
             AMTRDRV_TASK   7.40    9.42    9.91    8.46     437234870
            SWDRVL3_CACHE   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        723040
                     BSTM   2.40    2.40    2.21    2.18     867314220
                      ISC   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        772490
             ISC_CALLBACK   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        458880
ISC_LOW_PRIORITY_CALLBACK   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                       FS   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                   SYSDRV  21.60   21.87   19.88   16.61     394608318
                   SWCTRL   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       1075650
                     NMTR   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        435680
                     LACP   0.00    0.02    0.03    0.04      39156480
                   AMTRL3   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       2383260
                      STA   4.80    6.15    6.22    6.26    3519756390
                     VLAN   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        109550
                     GARP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                     IGMP   0.60    1.25    1.15    1.24     436226180
                   RADIUS   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                    DOT1X   0.00    0.02    0.00    0.00        383180
                     IMTR   0.00    0.05    0.04    0.05      24671280
                 IML_TASK   0.40    0.25    0.15    0.15      67940540
                     P2IP   2.20    1.37    1.21    1.26     583185760
                     VRRP   0.40    0.15    0.11    0.13      46062760
                    zNCFG   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                     zNSM   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00      17161360
                    zOSPF   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00           100
                     zRIP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00         15570
                   SYSLOG   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        615010
                     SMTP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00         70630
                  DNS_RES   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       4623530
                DNS_PROXY   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.01       4722020
                   KEYGEN   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        678350
                     HTTP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        681710
                 TELNET_S   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00           730
                 TELNET_D   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        469450
                     DNLD   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                    FXFER   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00         76520
                     DHCP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       5536000
                     SNTP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       1277890
                SSHD_MAIN   0.00    0.02    0.01    0.01       4395100
                     LLDP   0.00    2.48    2.18    1.88    1093983890
                     SNMP  46.60    8.44   12.15   21.13     500340188
                 CLITASK0   0.00    0.00    0.01    0.02      11541680
                 KICK_NET   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00          2170
                     TN12   1.00    1.44    0.37    0.12          1080
                     UI37   1.20    1.04    0.34    0.11           980
                     UI08   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00         30770
===========================================================================
                  total = 100.00   78.06   74.43   77.53

SW01-0#show snmp 
System Contact:  
System Location: 
SNMP Agent: enabled
SNMP traps: 
 Authentication: enabled
 Link-up-down:   enabled

Cause:

SNMP agent seems to be using most of the CPU resources.

Solution:

Disable the SNMP agent

SW01-0#configure 
SW01-0(config)#no snmp-server ?
  community  Defines SNMP community access string
  contact    Sets the system contact string
  enable     Enables this device to send SNMP traps
  engine-id  Configure engine-id
  group      Configure group name
  host       Specifies SNMP notification operation recipients
  location   Sets the system location string
  user       Configure user name
  view       Configure view name
  <cr>
SW01-0(config)#no snmp-server 
SW01-0(config)#end 

SW01-0#show snmp 
System Contact:
System Location: 
SNMP Agent: disabled
SNMP traps: 
 Authentication: enabled
 Link-up-down:   enabled

Problem Solved?

Yes

SW01-0#show process cpu 
             Process Name 5Sec(%%) 1Min(%%) 5Min(%%) 15Min(%%) Runtime(ms)
                tRootTask   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                 tExcTask   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00          4450
                 tLogTask   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                   bcmDPC   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                bcmCNTR.0   1.00    1.00    0.84    0.77     403865160
                    bcmTX   0.00    0.00    0.02    0.01      38289030
           bcmXGS3AsyncTX   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                bcmCNTR.1   0.60    0.70    0.74    0.72     384893630
                bcmLINK.0   0.20    0.10    0.12    0.30     207999140
                bcmLINK.1   0.00    0.00    0.13    0.27     205125060
                    bcmRX   2.20    2.20    2.46    2.33     932899850
                   ipnetd   4.40    2.20    2.26    1.81     150110680
                SYS_TIMER   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00            30
                 TASK_MON   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.02      13190640
                     TPLG   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       2905080
               STACK_CTRL   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
         SWDRV_CACHE_TASK   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00           570
                    SWDRV  13.60   13.00   12.80   12.67    2450925764
             AMTRDRV_TASK  11.20    9.80   11.48    9.72     437295640
            SWDRVL3_CACHE   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        723070
                     BSTM   1.80    2.10    2.35    2.24     867328350
                      ISC   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        772500
             ISC_CALLBACK   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        458880
ISC_LOW_PRIORITY_CALLBACK   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                       FS   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                   SYSDRV  21.60   22.40   22.29   19.06     394725708
                   SWCTRL   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       1075650
                     NMTR   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        435690
                     LACP   0.00    0.00    0.02    0.05      39156940
                   AMTRL3   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       2383270
                      STA   7.20    6.66    6.30    6.26    3519796310
                     VLAN   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        109550
                     GARP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                     IGMP   1.60    1.86    1.34    1.26     436234430
                   RADIUS   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                    DOT1X   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        383180
                     IMTR   0.00    0.00    0.03    0.04      24671570
                 IML_TASK   0.00    0.26    0.22    0.18      67941810
                     P2IP   3.80    2.80    1.80    1.49     583195950
                     VRRP   0.00    0.00    0.15    0.14      46063700
                    zNCFG   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                     zNSM   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00      17161360
                    zOSPF   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00           100
                     zRIP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00         15570
                   SYSLOG   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        615010
                     SMTP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00         70630
                  DNS_RES   0.00    0.00    0.01    0.00       4623600
                DNS_PROXY   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       4722040
                   KEYGEN   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        678360
                     HTTP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        681710
                 TELNET_S   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00           730
                 TELNET_D   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00        469450
                     DNLD   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00             0
                    FXFER   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00         76520
                     DHCP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       5536020
                     SNTP   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00       1277890
                SSHD_MAIN   0.00    0.06    0.00    0.01       4395160
                     LLDP   0.20    0.06    2.01    1.99    1093996020
                     SNMP   0.00    0.00    1.36   11.84     500418668
                 CLITASK0   0.00    0.00    0.01    0.02      11541830
                 KICK_NET   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00          2170
                     TN12   4.20    1.66    0.72    0.50          4290
                     UI37   3.20    1.53    0.71    0.47          4100
                     UI08   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00         30770
===========================================================================
                  total =  76.80   68.39   70.17   74.17
SW01-0# 

Tuesday, July 11, 2017

POSTA UGANDA IS HIRING - DOWNLOAD THE JOB ADVERTISEMENT HERE

Interested persons who meet the stated minimum requirements are invited to apply for the following vacancies by sending their application letter, certified copies of academic transcripts and certificates, and a detailed CV, to reach the address below, not later than 24th July 2017.
1. Drivers (2)
2. Assistant post officer (7)
3. Mail handler (14)
4. Pool drivers (2)
5. Assistant Internal audio (1)
6. IT Support (1)
7. Legal Services Clerk
8. Assistant Accountant (3)
9. Supervisor Financial Services
10. International Relations Officer
11. Manager expedited mail service and logistics
12. Manager Legal Services
13. Manager Information Technology (1)
14. Head, department of expedited mail services (1)
15. Head. Department of Business Services (1)

The Head, 
Department of Human Resource and Administration
Posta Uganda, P.O. Box 7106 Kampala.

Opportunity for Entrepreneurs - GoBig Hub "The Hunt"

GoBigHub is launching a new television program called "The Hunt", as a way to fund entrepreneurs, teach investor preparedness and presentation skills, and entertain the public. Entrepreneurs seeking funding will pitch their ideas to local investors who will then question those entrepreneurs, and decide to invest. This is a great way for local entrepreneurs to get funding and gain publicity for their business. 

We are filming our first four episodes this Wednesday from 2:00 PM until 6:00 PM, and we are looking for 24 total entrepreneurs to present a short (2-3 minute) pitch for their enterprise. GoBig Hub will advise them on how to best present their ideas and be investor ready before the cameras start rolling. 

Could you please pass this opportunity on to your entrepreneurs? If they are interested in appearing on the first 4 episodes they will need to return the "Get Funded form" to us by Monday

Contact Information
Our offices are located in the Tirupati Mazima Mall, 
Suite 233/234. 

Contact Person 
Madeline Pollack
GoBig Finance and Mentorship Hub Project Executive 
0787093641

Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Where to find Copyright free images, vectors and videos that you can freely use in your publications?

Looking for copyright free images and videos that you can use on your; blog, social media page, website, app, and much more?

On Pixabay you may find and share images, vectors and videos free of copyrights. All content is released under Creative Commons CC0 into the public domain.



Credits: Pixabay

Check Your Data Bundle Balance - Africell Uganda

Check Data Balance - Africell Uganda

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

AirBnB - Yet another smart, legit and clean way to earn side income without owning any assets or capital


Today i want to introduce to you AirBnB; Yet another smart, legit and clean way to earn side income that you have been chasing for years. And to those that have been walking the streets looking for that one job that is never coming, this can be a clever alternative depending on your financial needs.
As you will discover later, it's majorly up to you to take it up and become very creative because let's face it, the world is always rewarding to the creative minds.

I will share my personal experience on how you can use AirBnB to earn side income or earn a living (if your financial needs are not that demanding), I believe AirBnB website has all the information you need to getting started and i definitely can't write a better introductory article than AirBnB team, so you can choose to jump straight to AirBnB website and use their online resources on how to get started.

Otherwise, you are welcome to continue reading my article and in fact let's get down to business:

1. You need AirBnB account, Open one Here!

2. AirBnB has two modes;

    A) - Guest Mode - Guest mode is for the travelers looking for accormodation at their destination or stopovers, it can be both local or international travel. If you are looking for the best App to manage your travel accomodation and experience, you will not find anything better than AirBnB (unless something better comes up after i have published this article, but at the moment AirBnB is the real deal)

    B) - Host Mode - Host mode is for the hosts welcoming guests into their space, and this is the mode that i will focus on, because this is what will make you the money.

3. I should also state clearly again, that you don't need to own any assets to become a host and make money, so don't get worried. In the next bullet i will explain what i mean by this.

4. Hosting mode has three types:

A) - The actual host that owns the assets; house, hotel, cabin, cottage etc.

B) - The Co-Host; This will be you if you don't own any assets and want to make money using AirBnB.

C) - Host an experience; this is the third type that can make you money without necessarily owning any assets. Say for example you create an event in your home town which visitors or tourists can be part of. 

This can be Daily, Weekly, Monthly or Yearly. Of course there will be some logistics involved to pull off a great experience but you can start small and grow big. this is where your creativity will lift you into that financial freedom you have been yearning for.

Another indirect means to make money through AirBnB is through referrals. Just like i wrote a nice article about AirBnB and published it on my blog, you too could do the same thing. I earn 14 USD for every referral that i bring on board after they take their first trip. However, this is not money you can cash out and put in your wallet, but when you get to think of it, there are many ways around on how you can actually realize this travel credit. Take for example if you work for a company or a job that requires you to travel a lot, your company will most likely give you a travel allowance or you can ask for a fixed travel advance in cash and then use your travel credits to book a hotel.

As for me am more focused on host types B and C and just last week i made my first 10 USD being a Co-Host, because my partner that am hosting with agreed to pay me 10 USD for every reservation. I come from a beautiful country Uganda where tourism has a lot of potential and is growing at a fast rate. So if you are a fellow Ugandan looking to make money online, this is a sure deal. Make sure you go through the online resources at AirBnB website to get first hand information on how you can pull this off. AirBnB has a phone App for both Android and Apple so you can control all this through your smartphone. 

Let me know what you think about this opportunity by leaving a comment below, also share this with your friends on Facebook and Twitter.

Saturday, May 27, 2017

UPCC (V3R5) SOAP ERROR CODES LIST


UPCC ErrorCode

Error Description
0
Operation succeeded
1001
Invalid command
1003
Invalid parameter name <”parameter”>
1004
Invalid parameter value <”value”> for <”parameter”>
1009
Parameter missing <”parameter list”>
1010
Parameter conflict
1111
Maximum limitation exceeded
1117
Database updated but network update failure
1118
Parameter repeated <”parameter”>
1121
The service response times out
5001
Internal error
5002
Flow control enabled
5004
Session ID invalid or time out
5007
Invalid SOAP message
8194
RMS communication error
8195
The server is abnormal, please try later
8201
Input parameters error
12299
The service is already subscribed
12300
The service is not subscribed
12302
The subscriber does not exist
12303
The given quota does not exist, please check
12304
The service does not exist

12320
Only one BOD that is automatically activated can be provided for a subscriber.
12334
Subscribing the service failed, please try later

12339

The user already exists
12343
Failed to query quotas belong to the specific service



UPCC ErrorCode

Error Description

12351
The number of quotas per subscriber exceeds the maximum value
12352
The service subscription is restricted by mutex definition

12354
The service is contained in a service package that is already ordered, please check
12362
ServicePackage does not exist
12422
The quota value does not exist
12478
The ServicePackage has already been ordered

12482
Clearing or resetting the quota of the master subscriber is prohibited

12500
The number of slave subscriber subject to a master has reached restriction

12510
The number of services subscribed by the subscriber exceeds the maximum value

12511
The number of servicepackages subscribed by the subscriber exceeds the maximum value

12519
The number of MultiServices subscribed exceeds the maximum value
12524
Can't modify the subscriber's duration session Quota
12600
The given account does not exist, please check

12601
Clearing or resetting the account of the master subscriber is prohibited

12608
Subscriber should subscribe only one service which is associated with an account, please check

12626
The subscriber should be frozen if you want to change the usrIdentifier
12627
The service package does not order, please check

12631
Conflict with the valid date sections of previous subscriptions, please check

12632
The expiry date cannot be earlier than (or the same as) the system time, please check
12801
Total value of the quota exceeds restriction
12802
The service is overdue
12803
The service is no in effect



UPCC ErrorCode

Error Description

13056
The subscription date cannot be later than (or the same as) the expiry date

13057
The start date cannot be later than (or the same as) the expiry date

13061
This operation is not applicable to the dynamically created subscriber
13062
Total value of the account exceeds restriction

13063
The service cannot be modified because it is subscribed by a servicepackage

13064
More than one quota of a specified type is associated with the service
13065
The service is not associated with the quota of a specified type
13072
Level conflict

20499
The number of subscribers exceeds the upper threshold of
License
90101
The master subscriber does not exist, please check
90102
There are slave subscribers depending on the master subscriber
90103
Lack of Master Subscriber ID

90105
The subscriber corresponding to Master Subscriber ID cannot be a slave subscriber
90106
The Master Subscriber ID cannot be the same as Subscriber ID
90125
The accumulation does not exist

90368
The number of accumulations subscribed by the subscriber exceeds the maximum value
90369
The accumulation has been ordered
90370
The accumulation is not ordered

90371
The number of session accumulation be subscribed exceeds the maximum value
90372
Clearing the usage of session accumulation is prohibited
90373
Invalid service usage status

90374
The number of automatic activate BOD services subscribed by the subscriber exceeds the maximum value

90375
The subscriber's network type corresponding to Master
Subscriber ID cannot be FBB type



UPCC ErrorCode

Error Description
90376
The master of FBB can't change into slave

90377
The number of BOD services subscribed by the subscriber exceeds the maximum value


90378
The quota cannot be recharged because the reset time is earlier than the recharging time. Recharge the quota after the subscriber accesses the network again.
98311
The quota is not associated with any service.
98312
The quota status cannot be modified.
98313
Value or Balance for a quota cannot be modified.

98314
The quota managed by an external entity cannot be associated with more than one service.

98315
The quota managed by an external entity does not support this operation.
Others
The server is abnormal, please try later